frequently asked questions
here you will find all the answers to you questions about wildlife conservation
- Why conserve wildlife?
- Why do we need trees?
- What is the most valuable species to conserve?
- Why is our landscape like it is today ?
- Why do we need to look after nature ?
- How can I get involved in conservation work?
- What is Biodiversity and a Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) ?
The aim of conservation management is to maintain a wide variety of appropriate habitats and species and to ensure that natural habitats continue to survive. Over hundreds of years, some wildlife species have adapted to countryside which has been affected by people. For instance, some birds benefit from woods which are regularly coppiced. In these instances, conservation trusts, voluntary groups and local authorities manage habitats in a traditional manner to recreate these conditions. Habitats can also change, perhaps by becoming overgrown, sometimes preventing the survival of the species we are trying to protect. For instance, if a valuable grassland site is not grazed (by sheep usually), tall vigorous grasses overshadow and smother the smaller, more delicate wild flowers such as Orchids.
It is the differences in the natural habitats that wildlife has adapted to, for example a woodland flower like the Bluebell cannot survive on sandy heathland soils, or on a dry chalk grassland, whereas other flowers can. Nature is like a mosaic where every specie plays its own part, and has its own specific niche which makes up the whole picture that is our wildlife. The main factor of loss of species is through lack of management, so practical wildlife conservation projects are an important step in favouring rare or endangered species.